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Knee Pain And Swelling: Cause And How To Care For A Swollen Knee

Knee pain, swelling and fluid can cause sensitivity in one or both the knees and legs. The pain can either be chronic or temporary and can be because of rheumatoid arthritis or an accident or injury like a knee sprain. A lot of knee pain doesn’t go away with treatment and several conditions can cause ongoing knee pain and swelling.

  • Tendinitis: The pain starts in the front of the knee but becomes worse and more aggressive when participating in certain activities like climbing, walking up and down stairs, or walking up an incline in general and can affect the legs too.
  • Dislocated Kneecap: The kneecap can become dislocated due to an accident or injury.
  • Ligament Injury or Cruciate Ligament Damage: There are four ligaments located in the knee. The ACL or anterior cruciate ligament is the most commonly torn ligament injury.
  • Meniscus Tear: A tear occurs when there is a rupture in the cartilage of the knee.

Other factors can cause the pain to worsen or last longer. Sprains and strains, overuse, bad posture, infection, articular cartilage injury, rheumatoid arthritis, not stretching or cooling the muscles before and after a workout are all ways in which to make the knee pain worse.

If you experience a constant ache in one or both knees, sharp and shooting pain during activity, or a dull and burning discomfort then you may be experiencing some symptoms of chronic knee pain. Certain tests can be done to diagnose knee pain. These tests can include blood work, X-rays, and even CT and MRI scans and there is always a physical done to determine the location and severity of the pain as well.

Care For A Swollen Knee

There are a few things that can be done at home to lessen the pain that is associated with the knees. Placing an ice pack the area for at least 15 minutes per hour for several hours can help bring down the swelling. Place the ice pack in a bag or wrap it in a towel, never place the ice directly on the skin.

Swollen knee.

Rethink the shoes you wear. Cushioned and flat shoes that help support the feet will help relieve any swelling or tension that is being placed on the knees. Also, avoid hard surfaces or standing for long periods of time. Resting the knees is critical to helping with pain and swelling.

How To Prevent Swollen Knees

Warming up and stretching muscles before exercise are vital to preparing the body. It gradually increases heart rate and circulation, loosens joints, and increases the blood flow to the muscles. Warming up stretches the muscles and helps prevent injuries or strain.

Walk downhill instead of at an elevated incline. Instead of running up or down hills, you should walk so that no extra strain or pressure is being placed on the knees. Keeping to paved surfaces also helps as long as the surface is flat and smooth much like a track.

Getting support insoles for your shoes can also help treat and prevent swollen knees. Shoes should have proper comfort, support, and cushioning to stabilize the knees during any physical activity.

When a person is in pain due to a hurt knee or swelling, it may cause the knees to become limited in flexibility and function. The pain or injury causes the blood to flow to the knee joints which can lead to the knee becoming swollen, warm, stiff, and can even bruise.

Topical Pain Relief For Knee Pain And Swelling

There are many topical pain creams and sprays that can be used to help limit the amount of pain you are feeling in the knees and provide some much-needed relief throughout the day.

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1. Biofreeze Pain Reliever Spray is the number one clinically used and recommended topical analgesic. It can be easily applied to the pain, and it penetrates deeply for quick pain relief. It is NSAID-free, fast-acting, and long-lasting. It is made of USP grade ingredients and is free of all parabens and propylene glycol. It is a spray so there is no mess application and can be used to relieve pain and soreness associated with muscles and joints, sprains, strains, and even bruises.


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2. Penetrex Pain Relief Medication is great for people that are dealing with inflammation that is related to ailments and injuries. It has arnica, Vitamin B6, and MSM and provides an intensive concentration that requires fewer applications. It will target the pain and provide you with increased flexibility and mobility. Instead of just masking the pain, it penetrates to help heal and repair.


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3. Bengay Cold Therapy Pain Relieving Gel with Pro-Cool Technology includes 5% menthol to provide cooling relief on contact. It penetrates deep into the target area and provides long-lasting pain relief. It is ideal for muscle pain and strain and features the same technology that is used by chiropractors and physical therapists. It has a vanishing scent that begins to fade away in just minutes after application.


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4. Aspercreme with Lidocaine is a pain-relieving cream that is odor-free and maximum strength. It has 4% lidocaine and provides pain relief without irritation or burning. It numbs away the pain quickly and effectively and penetrates to desensitize aggravated nerves.


Knee pain and swelling can cause a lot of pain and can seriously affect a person’s overall health and well-being. It is important to seek medical counsel if you are experiencing any pain so that you can get a clear diagnosis and start taking steps to relieve and manage the pain.

Home treatments can be done to provide immediate and temporary relief. Lots of rest, ice, compression, and elevation are ways in which you can bring down the swelling and provide some relief from the pain.

Hamstring stretches, and knee to chest exercises can also be done to help maintain flexibility. It is best to avoid any kind of high impact exercise like running or jogging because it can place too much pressure and strain on the knees and could cause the knee to swell even more. So, until the swelling is gone, all strenuous physical activity should be avoided to keep from worsening the condition.

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